Click on the blue links to download pdfs.

Porter, M.E., C. Diaz Jr., J.J. Sturm, S. Grotmol, A.P. Summers, and J.H. Long, Jr.  2014.  Built for speed: Strain in the cartilaginous vertebral columns of sharks.  Zoology.  117: 19-27.

Porter, M.E., J.L. Beltrán, S.M. Kajiura, T.J. Koob, and A.P. Summers. Stiffness without mineral: material properties and biochemical components of jaws and chondrocrania in the Elasmobranchii (sharks, skates, and rays).  PeerJ.  In review.

de Leeuw, J.R., K.R. Livingston.  M.E. Porter, J.H. Long Jr.  Common goals alone explain emergence of group coordination in asocial embodied robots.  PLOS Computational Biology.  In revision.

Siciliano, A.M., J.H. Long Jr., S.M. Kajiura, and M.E. Porter.  2013.  Are you positive?Electric dipole polarity discrimination in the yellow stingray, Urobatis jamaicensis.  The Biological Bulletin.  225: 85-91.

Porter, M.E, C.M. Rogue, and J.H. Long 2011.  Body form and posture mediate angular head speed during yaw turning in sharks.  Zoology.  114: 348-359.

Long, J.H., Jr., T.J. Koob, J.T. Schaefer, A.P. Summers, K. Bantilan, S. Grotmol, and M.E.Porter. 2011.  Inspired by sharks: a biomimetic skeleton for the flapping, propulsive tail of an aquatic robot.  Marine Technology Society Journal.  45(4): 119-129.  The Marine Technology Society is a not-for-profit, international, professional association.  Founded in 1963, the Society believes that the advancement of marine technology and the productive, sustainable use of the oceans depend upon the active exchange of ideas between government, industry and academia. See

Long, J.H., N. Krenitsky, S.F. Roberts, J. Hirokawa, J. de Leeuw, and M.E. Porter. 2011.Testing biomimetic structures in bioinspired robots.  Integrative and Comparative Biology.  51(1): 158-175.

Flammang, B.E. and M.E. Porter. 2011.  Bioinspiration: Applying mechanical design to experimental biology.  Integrative and Comparative Biology.  51(1): 128-132.

Rosenblum, H.G., J.H. Long Jr, and M.E. Porter. 2011.  Sink and swim:  kinematic evidence for axial undulatory and lifting-body mechanisms in negatively-buoyant electric rays (Narcine brasiliensis).  The Journal of Experimental Biology. 214: 2935-2948.

Long, J.H. Jr., M.E. Porter, R.G. Root, and C.W. Liew. 2010.  Go Refigure: How fish change shape as they swim and evolve.  Integrative and Comparative Biology.  50 (6): 1120-1139.

Krishnamurthy, P., F. Khorrami, J. de Leeuw, M.E. Porter, K. Livingston, and J.H. Long. 2010.  An electric ray inspired biomimetic autonomous underwater vehicle. In Proceedings of the American Control Conference pages 5224-5229..

Porter, M.E. and J.H. Long Jr. 2010.  Vertebral arches or centra?  The compressive load bearing skeleton of the gray smooth-hound shark (Mustelus californicus).  Journal of Morphology.  271 (3): 366-375.

Krishnamurthy, P., F. Khorrami, J.R. de Leeuw, M.E. Porter, K. Livingston, and J.H. Long Jr. 2009.  A multi-body approach for 6DOF modeling of biomimetic autonomous underwater vehicles with simulation and experimental results. In Control Applications, (CCA) & Intelligent Control, (ISIC), 2009 IEEE, 1282-1287.

Porter, M.E., C. Roque, J.H. Long. 2009.  Turning maneuvers in sharks: predicting body curvature from vertebral morphology.  Journal of Morphology.  270: 954 – 965.

Porter, M.E., T.J. Koob, and A.P. Summers. 2007.  The contribution of mineral to the material properties of vertebral cartilage from the smooth-hound shark Mustelus californicus.  As featured in: The Journal of Experimental Biology.  210: 3319 – 3327.  Mineral Provides Material Benefit. 2007. Inside JEB feature.

Porter, M.E., J.L. Beltrán, T.J. Koob, and A.P. Summers. 2006.  Material properties and biochemical composition of mineralized vertebral cartilage in seven elasmobranch species (Chondrichthyes).  The Journal of Experimental Biology.  209: 2920 – 2928.

Mueller, R.C., C.M. Scudder, M.E. Porter, M.E., R.T. Trotter III, C.A. Gehring, and T.G. Whitham. 2005.  Differential tree mortality in response to severe drought: evidence for long term vegetation shifts.  Journal of Ecology.  93: 1085 – 1093. 

Porter, M.E. and M.J.C. Kearsley.  2001.  The response of Tamarix to experimental flows in Grand Canyon.  Hydrology and Water Resources in Arizona and the Southwest.  31: 45 – 50.

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